# Kakuro – Medium

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About Kakuro

Kakuro, also known as "Cross Sums" or "Addition Crossword," is a mathematical puzzle that challenges your addition and logical reasoning skills. The game is typically played on a grid, much like a crossword, with blank squares that need to be filled in with numbers. The objective is to fill all the blank squares using numbers 1-9 so that the sum of the numbers in each horizontal and vertical run equals the clues provided, all while ensuring no number is repeated within a single run. The clues are given in black squares and provide the sum for the adjacent white squares. Kakuro puzzles can range from relatively simple to highly challenging, providing a fun and engaging way to engage with mathematics and logic.

##### Understanding the Puzzle:

**Grid Structure:**- Kakuro puzzles are played on a grid of cells, some of which contain black squares.
- The black squares contain "clues" in the form of small numbers, either on the top, bottom, or in the corner of the square.

**Clues:**- The numbers in the black squares are the "clues" which tell you the sum of the numbers you need to enter into the adjacent white squares.
- A clue might apply horizontally (to the row of white squares to its right) or vertically (to the column of white squares below it).

##### Basic Rules:

**Number Placement:**- Fill the white squares with numbers between 1 and 9.

**Sum Must Match:**- The sum of the numbers in each horizontal or vertical run of white squares must equal the clue without repetition of numbers.

**No Repetition:**- Numbers must not repeat within a single run (horizontal or vertical).

##### Solving Strategies:

**Start with Single Clues:**- Identify rows or columns where there is only one possible combination of numbers that fit the clue and adhere to the rules.

**Use Cross-Referencing:**- Look for places where rows and columns intersect and use the clues from both to narrow down the possibilities.

**Use Elimination:**- Identify numbers that cannot possibly fit in a particular space and eliminate them as options.

**Look for Unique Solutions:**- Sometimes, a particular run of squares will have only one possible combination of numbers that work. Identify these early to make solving easier.

**Use Subtraction:**- Sometimes subtracting the total of known numbers from the clue can help you find the missing numbers.

**Work with Definite Squares:**- Always try to fill in squares where you are sure of the number first, and use these to solve adjacent runs.

**Use Pencil Marks:**- Just like in Sudoku, you can make small pencil marks of possible numbers in a square and update them as you gather more information.

**Check as You Go:**- Regularly check to ensure that the numbers you have placed so far adhere to all the rules and clues.

**Look for Patterns:**- As you get more experienced, you'll start to recognize patterns and combinations that appear frequently, which can speed up your solving.

**Use Logic, Not Guessing:**- Ensure that every number you place is backed by logic and elimination, rather than guesses.

##### Example:

- If you have a run of two squares with a clue of 3, the only possible combination is 1 and 2.
- If you have a run of three squares with a clue of 6, and you know one of the squares is a 1, the other two must be 2 and 3.

##### Advanced Techniques:

**Overlap Method:**- Sometimes, considering the overlapping section of two runs can provide insights into the possible numbers.

**Combination Analysis:**- Analyzing possible combinations in larger runs can sometimes help to identify the only possible placement for certain numbers.